Streaming audio now accounts for 12 per cent of mobile data volume in North America, with internet radio particularly popular, according to a report issued by Citrix ByteMobile. Mobile audio accounts for just four per cent of traffic outside of North America but Citrix said that the recent announcement of Apple’s iTunes Radio is likely to help drive strong growth in what seems to be an emerging mobile data category worthy of note.
Other statistics from the report include the fact that mobile search has increased by an average of 25 per cent per subscriber since February 2012 while Facebook now accounts for five times as much data volume (five per cent of overall mobile data traffic) as it did in February 2012.
Given that a single YouTube video watched on a mobile device generates as much data as ten Facebook sessions, the number of Facebook sessions is clearly growing very quickly. Video accounts for over a third of mobile data traffic in the US and almost half in the rest of the world, with YouTube accounting for 82 per cent of all video entertainment traffic.
“Interestingly, operators typically make little or no revenue from this traffic beyond that associated with data usage,” said Chris Koopmans, vice president and general manager of Service Provider Platforms, Citrix. “The real-world data presented in this report validates the need for network operators to improve subscribers’ mobile experience in order to distinguish their service offerings and better monetise the increase in traffic volume.”
The US National Security Agency is collecting the call records of millions of Verizon’s customers, according to a report published by the Guardian Newspaper in the UK. The Guardian has published on its website what it claims is a copy of a top secret court order from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court requiring that Verizon hand over call data “on an ongoing daily basis.”
The order, which is scheduled for declassifcation in 2038, requires that Verizon: “Shall produce to the NSA upon service of this Order, and continue production on an ongoing daily basis thereafter for the duration of this Order, unless otherwise ordered by the Court, an electronic copy of the following tangible things: all call detail records of “telephony metadata” created by Verizon for communications (i) between the United States and abroad, or (ii) wholly within the United States, including local telephone calls.”
The order does not require Verizon to hand over details of calls that originate and terminate outside of the US.
While the content of the calls is not required, nor the “name, address or financial information of a subscriber or customer,” the NSA does receive telephone numbers, IMEI and IMSI numbers and the time and length of the call. It is also possible, the Guardian said, that location information is included.
The Center for Constitutional Rights in the US described the order as “the broadest surveillance order to have ever been issued,” adding that “it requires no level of suspicion and applies to all Verizon subscribers anywhere in the US.”
The report raises a number of questions, including whether or not other US operators are bound by similar orders and what level of information, if any, is being collected on called or calling parties outside of the US.
Global IP traffic is set to grow three-fold between 2012 and 2017, according to research from Cisco. According to the firm’s Visual Networking Index (VNI) Forecast, more than a trillion gigabytes will be transmitted over IP networks each year by 2017.
One of the key drivers behind this growth will be more users; around 3.6 billion internet users by 2017, representing almost half (48 per cent) of the world’s projected population of 7.6 billion. In 2012, there were 2.3 billion internet users—about 32 per cent of the world’s population.
In addition, there will be more than 19 billion global network connections by 2017, Cisco said. These will include fixed and mobile devices, as well as M2M appliances. There were 12 billion connections in 2012.
Cisco’s forecast also projects that globally, the average fixed broadband speed will increase 3.5-fold from 2012 to 2017, from 11.3 Mbps to 39 Mbps. Users will also consume three trillion minutes of online video per month on fixed and wireless networks, which equates to six million years of video per month; more than two years worth of video every second.
The role of “non-PC” devices is set to grow even further too, Cisco reported. In 2012, 26 per cent of internet traffic originated from non-PC devices, but by 2017 the non-PC share of traffic will grow to 49 per cent. While PC-originated traffic is set to grow at a 14 per cent CAGR, other devices will have higher traffic growth rates over the forecast period: connected TVs are set to increase traffic by 24 per cent, tablets 104 per cent, smartphones 79 per cent and machine-to-machine (M2M) modules 82 per cent.
“With more and more people, things, processes and data being connected in the Internet of Everything, the intelligent network and the service providers who operate them are more relevant than ever,” commented Doug Webster, vice president of product and solutions marketing, Cisco.
This paper is the first in a series describing Ciena’s vision for the future of cloud networking, and the solutions that turn that vision into reality for both IT providers and IT users.
A Data Center Without Walls is the combination of geographically distributed data centers able to function as an efficient shared resource pool to address any magnitude of workload demand from anywhere across that geography with assured service performance.